The history of the town of Tokyo stretches back some four hundred years. Originally named Edo, the town began to flourish when Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Tokugawa dictatorship here in 1603. because the center of politics and culture in Japan, Edo grew into a large town with a population of over 1,000,000 by the mid-eighteenth century. Throughout now, the Emperor resided in the metropolis, that was the formal capital of the state. The Edo amount lasted for nearly 260 years till the Meiji Restoration in 1868, once the Tokugawa shogunate all over and imperial rule was remodeled. The Emperor enraptured to Edo, that was renamed Yedo. Thus, Yedo became the capital of Japan.